Project ORCHID Publications

During the last decade, U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM) has assumed responsibility for a vast array of cultural properties within its AOR in an effort to minimize harm during military operations and meet certain obligations under national and international law and DoD cultural resources policy. Through an ad hoc body, the CENTCOM Historical/Cultural Working Group (CHCAG), now known as the Military Cultural Heritage Advisory Group (MilCHAG), experts within DoD advocated for the development of a cultural heritage data inventory for use by all Combatant Commands (COCOMs).


Dr. Paul Green with George Clooney
U.S. Air Force Civil Engineer cultural resources specialist Dr. Paul Green (left) chats with actor and director George Clooney at a screening of the film “The Monuments Men” held at the White House on Feb. 18, 2014. Also in attendance, President Barack Obama took a moment to speak to Dr. Green and thank him for his service. Photo courtesy AFCEC/Released.

In the spring of 2009, U.S. Air Force Air Combat Command (ACC) funds became available to begin an initiative known as Project ORCHID. Comprised of cultural resources professionals within the U.S. Air Force partnering with other stakeholders, Project ORCHID has established a baseline of institutional knowledge, procedures, and planning information to ensure that U.S. military personnel engaged in contingency actions, disaster response, and other related activities have sufficient visibility of significant host nation cultural properties to avoid or minimize harmful effects.

Conceived and managed by Dr. Paul Green of the Air Force Civil Engineer Center (AFCEC/CZO [East RST]), Project ORCHID has been executed for the Air Force by Dr. Jay Newman at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District.

The initial project objectives were divided into several areas. The first concerned supporting ongoing efforts, primarily by Dr. Laurie Rush at Fort Drum, U.S. Army, and Dr. James Zeidler, Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML) at Colorado State University, to develop cultural heritage training and awareness materials to all U.S. military personnel deploying to the USCENTCOM AOR. The second area focused on: (a) understanding international requirements and standards for the protection of cultural properties; (b) reviewing professional literature to determine how cultural heritage is valued around the world; and (c) forming a strategic planning workshop to guide current and future efforts.

From these efforts, several tasks have been developed to outline and implement a systematic approach for collecting, standardizing and, though protocols, sharing cultural heritage data across various COCOM AOR’s.

All volumes in the Project ORCHID Publication Series are For Official Use Only (FOUO).

Persons engaged directly or indirectly with official U.S. Government business and you have a legitimate need may request copies of Project ORCHID reports from Dr. Paul Green at paul.green@us.af.mil, subject line: “Project ORCHID Publication Request”.

1: OCONUS Cultural Heritage Site Protection and Planning and International and Local Valuation of Cultural Heritage Resources, by Diane L. Douglas and Gerry Wait. April 2012. 92 pp + appendices.

2: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Republic of Haiti, by Martha Graham, Diane L. Douglas, Carla R. Van West, and Kathleen A. Deagan. February 2013. 62 pp +appendices.

3: DoD Satellite Archaeology Manual for the Middle East, by Sarah H. Parcak. February 2013. 90 pp.

4: Military Cultural Resources Analysis Database User Manual. ORCHID: OCONUS Cultural Heritage Site Data Development, by Brian Crane, Chris Bowen, and Dennis Knepper. February 2014. 50 pp.

5: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Republic of Yemen, by Erin King and Brynn Stewart. January 2013. 30 pp + appendices.

6: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Islamic Republic of Mauritania, by Doug Park, Doug, Justin Bedard, James Wade Campbell, and Michelle Young. March 2013. 52 pp+ appendices.

“Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Libya,” prepared for U.S. Air Force and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District. U.S. Air Force Project ORCHID Series, Reports of Investigations, Number 7, November 2013.

7: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Libya, by Erin King. November 2013. 44 pp+ appendices.

8: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Islamic Republic of Pakistan, by Christian J. Zier and Travis R. Bugg. February 2013. 45 pp + appendices.

9: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Republic of Albania, by Christopher Goodmaster. January 2013. 65 pp + appendices.

10: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Republic of Mali, by Carla R. Van West and Susan Keech McIntosh. February 2013. 82 pp + appendices.

11: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, by Travis R. Bugg and Christian J. Zier. May 2013. 48 pp + appendices.

12: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Federal Republic of Nigeria, by Carrie Albee, Justin Bedard, James Wade Campbell, Wairimu Mwangi, and Michelle Young. July 2013. 54 pp + appendices.

13: Review of Data Mining Results for Haiti, Albania and Yemen and the Tangible Cultural Heritage Country Profile, by Arlene K. Fleming. April 2011. 21 pp.

14: Tangible Cultural Resources: Country Profiles, by Arlene K. Fleming. September 2011. 20 pp.

15: Cultural Heritage Data and Information: a Comparative Study of Standards and Practice for Collection, Management, and Use, by Arlene K. Fleming. September 2011. 199 pp.

16: A Strategic Workshop on Military Planning for Overseas Cultural Property Protection, Santa Fe, New Mexico, July 18-20, 2011, by Terry H. Klein, Lynne Sebastian, Carla R. Van West, and Nancy Kenmotsu. November 2011. 43 pp.

17: Quality Assurance/Quality Control of Archaeological Site Location Data in Afghanistan, by Stephen A. Sherman, Stephen A. and James A. Zeidler. December 2011. 119 pp. (Contains Sensitive but Unclassified Information; restricted distribution)

18: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: The Republic of the Sudan, by Marsha Prior and Erin King. May 2013. 40 pp + appendices.

19: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: The Republic of South Sudan, by Marsha Prior and Erin King. May 2013. 36 pp + appendices.

20: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, by Martha Graham and Carla R. Van West. November 2013. 121 pp + appendices.

21: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo, by Wade Campbell, Orofisola Fasehun, Wairimu Mwangi, and Doug Park. December 2013. 51 pp + appendices.

22: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Central African Republic, by Wade Campbell, Orofisola Fasehun, Wairimu Mwangi, and Doug Park. December 2013. 46 pp + appendices.

23: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Republic of Colombia, by Travis R. Bugg and Kristin A. Gensmer. November 2013. 55 pp + appendices.

24: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Republic of Niger, by Wade Campbell, Orofisola Fasehun, Wairimu Mwangi, and Doug Park . December 2013. 54 pp + appendices.

In preparation:

25: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Morocco

26: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Philippines

27: Tangible Cultural Resources Country Profile: Syria